A pair of aces is the best pre-flop hand in Texas Hold'em Poker
@CoryKendall when you say specific example do you mean game i.e. Holdem or hand i.e. JdQs v Ac4c – idaho Dec 23 '15 at 22:52 If you search the term equity you will find many examples dealing with this on the site already, amongst other terms that will likely produce useful results also. Knowing when and how to raise pre-flop in Texas hold'em is an important strategic skill you probably need to master. Here we cover the most important aspects of Texas hold'em pre-flop raising, including goals, table position, hand strength, bet sizing, knowing opponents, table size, and cash games vs.
In the poker game of Texas hold 'em, a starting hand consists of two hole cards, which belong solely to the player and remain hidden from the other players. Five community cards are also dealt into play. Betting begins before any of the community cards are exposed, and continues throughout the hand. The player's 'playing hand', which will be compared against that of each competing player, is the best 5-card poker hand available from his two hole cards and the five community cards. Unless otherwise specified, here the term hand applies to the player's two hole cards, or starting hand.
- You will play different hands from various starting positions. Details on this require a separate section – for more on the differences in the positions read position is king which will provide a beginners starting hand chart. Summary Of Preflop Texas Holdem Strategy. In summary, preflop you should.
- The above 3 sets of hands add up to form the common answer of 169 Texas Hold’em starting hands There are actually 1,326 combinations of starting hands if you count suits (e.g. A♣- A♦ and A♠- A♥ are different hands), but that is more of a “just for fun” number as suits have no value over each other in Texas Hold’em.
- HoldEq is an equity calculator that comes free with Flopzilla. It has the ability to connect to Flopzilla and import whichever range is present in it. Another special feature is that it's capable of visualizing the equities of individual starting hands in both graphs and tables (see screenshot).
- Poker Equity (Pot Equity) Equity percentages in this article have been calculated using the handy (and free) PokerStove. Pot equity (or just 'Poker equity') is a mathematical application to poker that helps to explain why you should bet or check in certain situations.
- The PPPoker HUD Catcher is an add-on application for DriveHUD (add-on application that works with Drivehud, Poker Tracker, or Holdem Manager) that allows you to run a HUD and track hands on PPPoker. The PPPoker HUD Catcher works on the PPPoker application through the use of a win application that is provided by PPPoker.
- 2Limit hand rankings
Texas Holdem Starting Hands Equity Fund
There are 1326 distinct possible combinations of two hole cards from a standard 52-card deck in hold 'em, but since suits have no relative value in this poker variant, many of these hands are identical in value before the flop. For example, A♥J♥ and A♠J♠ are identical in value, because each is a hand consisting of an ace and a jack of the same suit.
Therefore, there are 169 non-equivalent starting hands in hold 'em, which is the sum total of : 13 pocket pairs, 13 × 12 / 2 = 78 suited hands and 78 unsuited hands (13 + 78 + 78 = 169).
These 169 hands are not equally likely. Hold 'em hands are sometimes classified as having one of three 'shapes':
- Pairs, (or 'pocket pairs'), which consist of two cards of the same rank (e.g. 9♠9♣). One hand in 17 will be a pair, each occurring with individual probability 1/221 (P(pair) = 3/51 = 1/17).
An alternative means of making this calculation
First Step As confirmed above.
There are 2652 possible combination of opening hand.
There are 6 different combos of each pair. 9h9c, 9h9s, 9h9d, 9c9s, 9c9d, 9d9s
To calculate the odds of being dealt a pair
2652 (possible opening hands) divided by 12 (the number of any particular pair being dealt. As above)
2652/12 = 221
- Suited hands, which contain two cards of the same suit (e.g. A♣6♣). Four hands out of 17 will be suited, and each suited configuration occurs with probability 2/663 (P(suited) = 12/51 = 4/17).
- Offsuit hands, which contain two cards of a different suit and rank (e.g. K♠J♥). Twelve out of 17 hands will be nonpair, offsuit hands, each of which occurs with probability 2/221 (P(offsuit non-pair) = 3*(13-1)/51 = 12/17).
It is typical to abbreviate suited hands in hold 'em by affixing an 's' to the hand, as well as to abbreviate non-suited hands with an 'o' (for offsuit). That is,
- QQ represents any pair of queens,
- KQ represents any king and queen,
- AKo represents any ace and king of different suits, and
- JTs represents any jack and ten of the same suit.
There are 25 starting hands with a probability of winning at a 10-handed table of greater than 1/7.
Limit hand rankings
Some notable theorists and players have created systems to rank the value of starting hands in limit Texas hold'em. These rankings do not apply to no limit play.
Sklansky hand groups
David Sklansky and Mason Malmuth assigned in 1999 each hand to a group, and proposed all hands in the group could normally be played similarly. Stronger starting hands are identified by a lower number. Hands without a number are the weakest starting hands. As a general rule, books on Texas hold'em present hand strengths starting with the assumption of a nine or ten person table. The table below illustrates the concept:
The 'Chen Formula' is a way to compute the 'power ratings' of starting hands that was originally developed by Bill Chen.
- Highest Card
- Based on the highest card, assign points as follows:
- Ace = 10 points, K = 8 points, Q = 7 points, J = 6 points.
- 10 through 2, half of face value (10 = 5 points, 9 = 4.5 points, etc.)
- For pairs, multiply the points by 2 (AA=20, KK=16, etc.), with a minimum of 5 points for any pair. 55 is given an extra point (i.e., 6).
- Add 2 points for suited cards.
- Subtract 1 point for 1 gappers (AQ, J9)
- 2 points for 2 gappers (J8, AJ).
- 4 points for 3 gappers (J7, 73).
- 5 points for larger gappers, including A2 A3 A4
- Add an extra point if connected or 1-gap and your highest card is lower than Q (since you then can make all higher straights)
Phil Hellmuth's: 'Play Poker Like the Pros'
Phil Hellmuth's 'Play Poker Like the Pros' book published in 2003.
|1||AA, KK, AKs, QQ, AK||Top 12 Hands|
|2||JJ, TT, 99|
|3||88, 77, AQs, AQ|
|4||66, 55, 44, 33, 22, AJs, ATs, A9s, A8s||Majority Play Hands|
|5||A7s, A6s, A5s, A4s, A3s, A2s, KQs, KQ|
|6||QJs, JTs, T9s, 98s, 87s, 76s, 65s||Suited Connectors|
Statistics based on real online play
Statistics based on real play with their associated actual value in real bets.
|1||AA, KK, QQ, JJ, AKs||2.32 - 0.78|
|2||AQs, TT, AK, AJs, KQs, 99||0.59 - 0.38|
|3||ATs, AQ, KJs, 88, KTs, QJs||0.32 - 0.20|
|4||A9s, AJ, QTs, KQ, 77, JTs||0.19 - 0.15|
|5||A8s, K9s, AT, A5s, A7s||0.10 - 0.08|
|6||KJ, 66, T9s, A4s, Q9s||0.08 - 0.05|
|7||J9s, QJ, A6s, 55, A3s, K8s, KT||0.04 - 0.01|
|8||98s, T8s, K7s, A2s||0.00|
|9||87s, QT, Q8s, 44, A9, J8s, 76s, JT||(-) 0.02 - 0.03|
Nicknames for starting hands
In poker communities, it is common for hole cards to be given nicknames. While most combinations have a nickname, stronger handed nicknames are generally more recognized, the most notable probably being the 'Big Slick' - Ace and King of the same suit, although an Ace-King of any suit combination is less occasionally referred to as an Anna Kournikova, derived from the initials AK and because it 'looks really good but rarely wins.' Hands can be named according to their shapes (e.g., paired aces look like 'rockets', paired jacks look like 'fish hooks'); a historic event (e.g., A's and 8's - dead man's hand, representing the hand held by Wild Bill Hickok when he was fatally shot in the back by Jack McCall in 1876); many other reasons like animal names, alliteration and rhyming are also used in nicknames.
- ^No-Limit Texas Hold'em by Angel Largay
- ^David Sklansky and Mason Malmuth (1999). Hold 'em Poker for Advanced Players. Two Plus Two Publications. ISBN1-880685-22-1
- ^Hold'em Excellence: From Beginner to Winner by Lou Krieger, Chapter 5, pages 39 - 43, Second Edition
- ^Aspden, Peter (2007-05-19). 'FT Weekend Magazine - Non-fiction: Stakes and chips Las Vegas and the internet have helped poker become the biggest game in town'. Financial Times. Retrieved 2010-01-10.
- ^Martain, Tim (2007-07-15). 'A little luck helps out'. Sunday Tasmanian. Retrieved 2010-01-10.
Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Texas_hold_%27em_starting_hands&oldid=925603601'
Ask a group of poker players for their opinion on which street is the easiest to play and I would be willing to bet good money that almost all of them will answer preflop.
Generally speaking, preflop decisions are the easiest to make in no-limit hold’em, and not only for the fact there are no community cards to consider. Before the flop, all you need to think about is your hole cards, the action before you, and the players waiting to act after you. You don’t have to worry about flush draws, straight draws, or if anyone has a set. It’s just you, your hand, and the remaining opponents still with cards.
One of the problems of the situation being relatively “simple” creates, however, is that players tend not to give preflop decisions their full attention. Instead, they play a robotic style where “Hand X” is always a raise from “Position Y” because that’s what they have always done in the past and have seen others do, too.
Raising first-in from the cutoff or button is an area where people know they should be aggressive and be playing a much wider range of hands than they would elsewhere at the table. But often players are too loose with their starting hand requirements from these two late positions and then subsequently find themselves falling foul of that looseness after the flop.
Ace high straight texas holdem. A full house, sixes over kingsA full house, also known as a full boat or a boat (and originally called a full hand), is a hand that contains three cards of one rank and two cards of another rank, such as 3 ♣ 3 ♠ 3 ♦ 6 ♣ 6 ♥ (a 'full house, threes over sixes' or 'threes full of sixes' or 'threes full'). Four of a kind hands that differ by suit alone, such as 4 ♣ 4 ♠ 4 ♦ 4 ♥ 9 ♣ and 4 ♣ 4 ♠ 4 ♦ 4 ♥ 9 ♦, are of equal rank. It ranks below a straight flush and above a full house.Each four of a kind is ranked first by the rank of its quadruplet, and then by the rank of its kicker. For example, K ♠ K ♥ K ♣ K ♦ 3 ♥ ranks higher than 7 ♥ 7 ♦ 7 ♠ 7 ♣ Q ♥, which ranks higher than 7 ♥ 7 ♦ 7 ♠ 7 ♣ 10 ♠. It ranks below four of a kind and above a flush.Each full house is ranked first by the rank of its triplet, and then by the rank of its pair.
If poker were played in a vacuum, it would be profitable to play 100% of your hands from the button, but poker isn’t played in a vacuum. While some players are happy to raise with a hand such as from the button because they think their hand is stronger than what the blinds are likely holding, they will instantly muck a hand such as because they think (correctly) that is a terrible hand postflop. But isn’t too far behind in the postflop rubbish scale, either.
Imagine we have on the button and we open for a raise because the blinds are likely to have hands with which they dislike calling raises out of position. Then that plan is ruined by the big blind’s call. The flop falls , the big blind checks, we make a continuation bet, and the big blind calls again. The turn is the and the big blind checks once more. Now what do we do?
If we check behind, then we will probably get to showdown with a weak hand and potentially lose the pot. We could bet, but the doesn’t look like a scary card, so we’re likely to be called again and have wasted more chips than we should have.
The fact is, neither option seems a good one. But the scenario could have been avoided by putting more thought into our preflop hand range and selecting a holding that would end up with better postflop equity.
Examples of hands that have good postflop equity include
- suited cards, particularly suited aces with which we can flop the nut flush or the nut flush draw and keep up our aggression;
- connected cards that can stay aggressive when they have a solid draw; and
- high cards that miss more flops than they hit, but having six outs to your overcards can often be enough to continue betting.
Think of how many combinations of suited cards, high cards, and connected cards there are and you will soon see that you can still be opening a lot of hands from the button — hands that have a good chance of having plenty of postflop equity once the first community cards come into view.
Preflop play might be relatively “simple” in some respects, but that shouldn’t encourage you not to be mindful of what lies ahead after the flop when making that initial action.
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